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Comparative Fault Laws Regarding Bicycle Accidents in New York

Comparative Fault Laws Regarding Bicycle Accidents in New York

Tragically, bicycle accidents frequently result in serious injuries or even deaths. Numerous factors, including the recklessness of both cyclists and drivers of motor vehicles, can lead to these accidents. In New York, like in many other states, understanding the legal framework surrounding bicycle accidents is crucial for both victims and those potentially at fault. One of the key aspects of this legal framework is the concept of comparative fault, which plays a significant role in determining liability and compensation in bicycle accident cases.

Comparative Fault: What is it?

In many states, including New York, the legal notion of comparative fault, commonly referred to as comparative negligence, is utilized to determine who is to blame and where the liability lies in personal injury claims. It recognizes that accidents often occur due to the actions or negligence of multiple parties, and it seeks to assign a degree of fault to each party involved. Comparative fault laws are designed to ensure that compensation is fair and reflects the actual level of responsibility of each party.

New York’s Comparative Fault Laws

New York follows a specific type of comparative fault system known as “pure comparative negligence.” This approach allows a victim of a bicycle accident to seek compensation even if they contributed to the event in some way. However, their compensation will be lessened by the degree of their negligence. This means that a cyclist’s payout will be decreased by 20% if they are determined to be 20% at fault for an accident.

It’s crucial to remember that New York’s pure comparative negligence system enables accident victims to file a claim for compensation even if they were the primary cause of the incident. In other words, even if a cyclist is 90% at fault for an accident, they can still recover 10% of their damages from the other party involved.

How Comparative Fault Applies to Bicycle Accidents

In bicycle accident cases, comparative fault can significantly impact the outcome of a legal claim. Here’s how it works:

1.Determining Fault: When a bicycle accident occurs, an investigation is conducted to determine who was at fault. In order to do this, evidence must be gathered, witnesses must be questioned, and any available video or accident reports must be examined.

2.Assigning Percentages of Fault: Following the determination of liability, the parties are each given a proportion of fault based on the circumstances that led to the accident. For instance, a cyclist who ran a red light may be deemed partially responsible for the collision.

3.Determining Compensation: Based on the cyclist’s overall damages and the relative blame given to each party, compensation is then determined. For instance, if the cyclist’s total damages are $10,000 and they are found to be 20% at fault, their compensation would be reduced to $8,000.

4.Legal Proceedings: If the parties cannot reach a settlement, the case may go to court, where a judge or jury will decide the percentage of fault for each party and determine the final compensation amount.

Benefits and Challenges of New York’s Comparative Fault System Benefits:

1.Fairness: New York’s pure comparative negligence system ensures that compensation is fair and proportionate to each party’s level of fault. This prevents situations where an injured party is completely barred from recovery just because they were partially at fault.

2.Incentive for Responsible Behavior: The system encourages all road users, including cyclists and motor vehicle drivers, to exercise caution and follow traffic rules. Even if they share some of the guilt for an accident, the knowledge that they can still pursue compensation can encourage people to act responsibly.


1.Complexity: Determining fault percentages can be complex and subjective, leading to disputes and prolonged legal proceedings.

2.Reduced Compensation: In cases where a cyclist is found partially at fault, their compensation may be significantly reduced, making it crucial for injured parties to seek legal counsel to maximize their recovery.

Anyone engaged in a bicycle accident must be aware of the comparative fault laws in New York. While these laws aim to ensure fairness in compensation, they can also complicate the legal process. It’s critical to speak with an expert Newburgh Personal Injury Lawyer if you’ve been hurt in a bicycle accident so they can guide you through the nuances of comparative fault and fight for the just compensation you need. Contact now for a free consultation (718) 414-6642.

Justin William, Esq.

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